عنوان مقاله [English]
Existentialism is a philosophical school that gives a special importance for two principles of "freedom" and "responsibility". Jean-Paul Sartre, with philosophical arguments, comes to the conclusion that "human is condemned to freedom" and thus perceives the deepest possible form of freedom for human. Given the freely-centered approach of existentialism and because the concept of freedom enjoys a distinguished standing in the school, involvement of idea and components of the school in the world of criminal law gives us a significant analysis and inferences. By examining the demands of existentialism in the field of criminalization and decriminalization, it is evident that any restriction of personal freedom is in confrontation and conflict with the principles of existentialism and accordingly, the theories of paternalism and legal moralism, according to this school of thought, are threatening the individual freedoms. According to the idea of existentialism, resort to criminalization is permissible when freedoms of individuals are subject to damage. In this regard, the scope of individual freedoms in criminal law is broader, it will be closer and more compatible with existentialist demands and vice versa, limitation and narrowing individual freedoms and extreme and maximum criminalization will be in contrast to criminal approach of existentialism.