عنوان مقاله [English]
The criminal responsibility will not be realized, unless under two circumstances: 1- having resolution power 2- having free will. Lacking one of these two circumstances is considered as a barrier for the criminal responsibility. Therefore, the resolution power and free will are two basic conditions of the criminal responsibility. In Iranian criminal system, the criminal responsibility would be realized when a crime is committed the guilty is wise, mature and with full discretionary power. In Egyptian criminal system, it is presumed that punishment is personal. The Egyptian criminal system approved the criminal responsibility from other's action in 1945 and executed it. There is no clear definition and its scope isn't restricted. The criminal responsibility resulting from other's action is fully limited to the text of law in Iranian criminal system. The judicial process is practically unable to detect and create it. In addition to ensuring the public interests, the criminal responsibility resulting from other's action is both preventive and inhibitor. It also plays a constructive role in economy and protecting workers' right and capitalists. Based on what said, if it considered outside the law, it may cause harmful effects.
Keywords: criminal responsibility, others' action, criminal system, criterion, Iran, Egypt