عنوان مقاله [English]
Today and with the advancement of medical science, the issue of protecting the health of the fetus has become more and more of a concern for actors in the field of health and legislation. On this occasion, fetal abuse is not limited to physical violence that causes abortion or damage to their members. Rather, it includes many of the risk behaviors that a pregnant woman during pregnancy can provide for the incidence of death, fetal illnesses, and fetal disorders. In this regard, the United States has, along with the relative ban on abortion, has provided suitable criminal protection against other abuse to the fetus, also known as the protection of unborn children. In addition to the federal area, this issue has been further targeted in some states like South Carolina. In this regard, the national criminal justice system, although in the Islamic Penal Code and Tacitus, has provided a supportive approach to violence against the fetus, but has not responded to the fetal neglect or failure. Therefore, in this study, the aim of this study is to provide a supportive strategy by analyzing and comparing the fetal abuse status in the criminal system of the United States and Iran.