عنوان مقاله [English]
The positions of the Prophet and the infallible Imams can be divided into three dignities, divine orders prophecy, judgment, and supervisor. Paying attention to the position and dignity of the innocent in issuing a narrative contributes greatly to the correct understanding of the narrations.The question here is whether the observer narrations of the Diya guilds have been validated by the divine orders prophecy to the Prophet and the infallible Imams and as a result, in the present day, the killer have authority to pay every one of those guilds or basically determining the Diya guilds is governmental; therefore the Islamic ruler with regards the appropriates of society can order to pay a certain guild of these guilds? In this descriptive-analytical article, the nature of the order for the sixth guild of Diya is regarded as a government; therefore, for the payment of Diya, killer must only pay the Diya from the guilds designated by the ruler. On this basis, the Article 549 of the Islamic Penal Code, because of reduction of determining of blood money type to juridical practices it has been considered to be criticized and a replacement of Article 421-1 of the Islamic Penal Code has been proposed.